There are different methods to start your new dreads, such as the interlocking method, twist and rip, backcombing, crochet method, finger coils, and two strand twist method.
Each of these methods has pros and cons so we’ll talk about those to help you determine which method will work best for you.
One common misconception about locs is that only certain hair types will dread. That is false.
Can you dread any type of hair?
Yes! Contrary to popular belief, all hair types are dreadlock-friendly.
Dreadlocks are nothing more than strands of knotted hair. There is no science or technicality behind them.
Untouched and unmanipulated hair will naturally dread on its own. Don’t believe me? Try not brushing your hair for a week and tell me how many knots you’re able to form in such a short amount of time.
The varying factor for mature dreadlocks is hair texture. All hair textures knot at different speeds so the locking process and timeline will not be the same for everybody. When it comes to dreads, your set will be 100% unique.
In fact, even your own locs will be somewhat different from each other. While you shouldn’t expect them to be perfect or all the same, I’m positive that you will love them regardless because they’re yours.
Different methods of dreading hair
This dreadlocking method is also known as the natural or neglect method, and is probably the oldest method in the book. With freeform locs, you basically wash your hair and leave it alone. Many people prefer to go the freeform route because they believe it to be the most authentic way to start them. Another effective way to start freeform locs is with a dread sponge. With this, you rub the sponge over your head in a circular motion until it creates small knots. The sponge works best for afro hair types.
- It’s free!
- It doesn’t take much effort to maintain. Your only priority is to keep your hair clean by shampooing it once a week.
- It takes much longer for dreads to form. In straight hair, it might take a minimum of a year for the locs to start to come together.
- The beginning stages (which could last for up to two years) will look very messy and unprofessional.
- You will not be able to control the shape or size of your locs as you would with other methods. You are more than likely to have uneven dreads and possibly some flat ones.
- Freeform dreadlocks work well for all types of hair.
- This method works well for those who don’t mind having extremely messy hair for more than a year.
- Freeform locs are perfect for those who are happy with varying part-sizes and loc thicknesses.
2. Twist and Rip
The twist and rip method is when you take two sections of hair, twist them together a couple of times, then separate the tips and pull them apart. You have to pull the ends far enough so that a knot forms a knot close to the scalp. Repeat the process until the entire strand is knotted completely.
- This method is easy if you’re making your own dreads. T&R doesn’t require the use of any tools (other than your hands) and you can get friends to help you do the parts that are difficult to reach.
- You have full control over the sectioning of your hair.
- T&R doesn’t cause too much damage to your hair (when compared to most other methods).
- Not much length is lost during the installation process. The locs will shrink over the next three to twelve months.
- Those with short hair may have locs that loosen up quickly because the installation process doesn’t give you knots that are too firm or tight. The less hair you have, the easier that it is for it to unravel.
- Starting your locs with the twist & rip method will give you a frizzy and messy look for a long time. You can try to palm roll to tame the frizz but it’s going to look wild for some time.
- Starting your locs with T&R can be a very time-consuming process and cause pain on your scalp.
- This method works best for those who have long, straight, and thin hair. Oftentimes, Caucasians, Hispanics, and Asians use this method because it works really well with their hair texture.
- Medium sections are ideal for T&R. With very small or very large sections it might be difficult for the hair to hold the knots.
The backcombing method is when you take a strand of hair and a dread comb and brush the hair backward towards the scalp (starting as close to the root as possible). As the knots start to form, continue forming them until you reach the end of the hair. It the end, palm roll the dreads to give them a round shape and tame some of the frizz.
- Like T&R, it’s easy to make your own dreads using the backcombing method. You will need someone’s help for the sections in the back.
- The backcombing method holds the lock well for those who have short hair.
- You have complete control over the size of the dreads and can make them as big or little as you want. Your parts at the scalp should reflect the size of the dread that you want once they’re mature.
- This method is very time consuming and can leave you with a sore scalp because of all the constant hair-pulling.
- Sleeping on newly-formed backcombed dreads will be uncomfortable for the first few days, especially if your scalp hurts.
- Backcombed locs turn out stiff and will poke in any direction they choose. They may look crazy for the first few months until the hair starts to settle into shape.
- This method gives you locs that may feel itchy, like velcro.
- With the backcombing method, you may notice more initial shrinkage than the other methods.
- Like T&R, backcombing will cause a lot of frizz and will look messy. Just remember this is only a starting method and your mature locs will look very different.
- This method works well for those with straight and wavy hair who want small to medium-sized dreads.
- A metal comb is recommended for backcombing locs, however plastic combs should work too if you’re gentle enough.
The crocheting method is when the hair is separated into different sections and then a crochet needle is used to form knots around the locs. There are many tutorial videos on how to do it but the process is fairly simple. First you need to section medium to large pieces of hair, and then pass the crochet latch hook in and out of the locs.
- This method gives you the appearance of dreadlocks instantly.
- Your locs may shrink a little less if you started them this way.
- Maintaining your dreads with a crochet hook helps to tame the frizz and incorporate hair that has unraveled.
- If you want blunt tips, it’s possible to do so with a crochet needle.
- The process of crocheting your hair is very time-consuming. I got my locs started this way- the installation took more than 8 hours and the maintenance took more than 5 hours.
- If you’re getting them installed by professional locticians, it can become very expensive because many professionals charge by the hour.
- Crocheting can damage the hair if it’s not done carefully. Breaking the hair will cause the loc to become weak as it matures.
- The initial process can cause a lot of hair to be pulled off from your scalp, which can lead to irritation and other scalp conditions.
- Crocheting your hair is very painful so it’s not the best option for those with sensitive scalps.
- This method works well for those who want the appearance of dreads instantly.
- It’s best to part the hair in medium to large pieces. It doesn’t work as well with smaller sections of hair.
- I find this to be one of the best ways to loc caucasian hair, but that’s a personal opinion.
5. Dread Perm
The beginning of the process starts with coils being wrapped around sectioned strands of hair. A chemical relaxer is then applied. This will break down the bonds of the hair. After the relaxer has worked its way throughout the hair, it will be rinsed out and then neutralized.
- It promotes tighter locks in silky hair.
- It will give you a very polished, neat, and professional look instantly.
- Those who have started their loc journey this way seem to be very happy with the way their hair turned out.
- This method allows you to control the parting and sizing of your locs.
- Dread perms are very expensive.
- It’s one of the least natural ways to start your dreads.
- Applying chemicals can be damaging to your hair.
- It has to be done professionally but it’s difficult to find someone who is able to do it. The Hair Police in Minneapolis, Minnesota is the one who originated this method.
- This method works well for coarse hair types who want to smooth out their hair texture.
- This method is ideal for those whose hair is difficult to knot on its own, such as silky and soft hair textures.
- It’s better that the length of your hair is more than 8 inches.
6. Sisterlocks / Brotherlocks
Sisterlocks and brotherlocks are miniature locs that are interwoven together with the difference that sisterlocks are usually a little smaller than brotherlocks.
These types of locs are sectioned on a grid system in the scalp.
- Maintenance can be done every other month. In fact, you should wait a while to get them professionally maintained because the roots become a little more fragile than other methods.
- It’s a style that is less time consuming to care for than other hairstyles.
- These locs are miniature, so if you want 200 plus dreads, this is the method for you.
- Moisturizing sisterlocks and brother locks is easy because the sections in your scalp are so small.
- It has to be done professionally and will be very time-consuming.
- It’s common for those with sister locks to lose several locs during their journey because the is a lot less hair attached to the root.
- Thinning and balding is likely if the locs are styled too tight.
- This method works well for coarse afro hair types only.
- You can start sister locks with hair as short as 2 to 3 inches.
7. Two and Three-Strand Twists
This dreadlocking method is also known as double and triple-strand twists.
The way you make these locs is by taking two strands of hair and twisting them together. Basically you would layer one on top of the other, over and over again.
- With this method, you can make the size of the locs as big or as little as you want.
- If you choose to start your locs with the strand twist method, you can have as little as 3 inches of hair.
- The two and three-strand twists are a beautiful style on their own, so the awkward dreadlock stages are not as obvious as they are with other dreading methods.
- This method causes the dreads to mature in a smooth pattern, leaving you with even ‘adult’ locs in the long run.
- Once the dread becomes mature, you don’t need to cut off the ends.
- This method does not hold well for a long period of time. Frequent maintenance may be necessary so that they don’t come apart as the dreads are beginning to form. At the same time, maintenance that is too frequent can cause loss of hair and other scalp problems. You have to find a happy medium where your scalp doesn’t feel overly tense yet holds the twist.
- This method works best for those who have natural afro hair because thin and straight hair won’t hold the twist at all.
- The best way to maintain dreads that were formed using strand twists is by rubbing the loose hairs at the scalp in a clockwise motion.
8. Comb Coils
This method requires you to twirl small pieces of hair into coils with a comb. For maintenance, you should always twist them in the same direction and over time they will form into locs.
- This method allows you to section your scalp evenly and part your hair to your desired dreadlock size.
- With the comb coil method, you can make very thin dreads but you have to be gentle with your hair so that there isn’t too much tension on your scalp.
- This method is very time consuming and may leave you with a sore scalp due to the constant hair-pulling.
- You will need someone to help you do it because it would be nearly impossible to reach the back of your head if you were doing it on your own.
- This method works best on afro and coarse hair.
Braids are usually made by attaching extensions over the natural hair. If you leave the box braids un-manipulated, they will eventually turn into dreadlocks.
- This is a great way to start the loc journey without experiencing too much of the messy and frizzy stages- especially not during the beginning.
- The locs might not turn out completely smooth. The braid pattern may take a little longer to disappear than if you started your locs using other methods.
- The dread will start to form out of the new growth, so any hair that remains under the braid may have to be cut off. Once your hair grows out significantly, you will have to cut off the braid extensions, which will give you shorter locs instantly.
- This method works well for afro and coarse hair.
10. Faux Locs
Dread extensions are the ideal way to go for those who want to rock the temporary dreadlock style without waiting months or years for them to reach the mature stage.
- They’re temporary.
- They look neat as soon as they’re installed. You won’t have to wait through the maturing process until they look good.
- They can be attached to pre-existing dreads to gain length instantly.
- You can get extensions made from real hair, synthetic materials, and even yarn.
- They have to be maintained a bit differently than regular dreadlocks.
- They’re very expensive.
- This method works well for all hair types, including those with short hair.
Popular dreadlock maintenance methods
Interlocking is commonly used by loctitians once they have finished forming a dread (regardless of the method they used to start them).
This method requires you to pass the complete dread through the root, thereby creating a ‘knot,’ so to speak, at the scalp. This will hold and tightly secure the dread at the top of the scalp. There’s a technique you need to learn in order to do it right, but once you get it down, you’re good to go!
Interlocking is also known as latching when a crochet needle with a latch hook is used to pull the loc through the root.
- Interlocking is a good way to hold the lock together and in place, especially if you want to keep your sections neat.
- Interlocking is commonly used during maintenance and typically helps to incorporate loose hairs that have previously unraveled.
- Incorrect interlocking can cause holes throughout your locs, thinner dreads, and in extreme cases balding.
- Frequent interlocking will cause damage to your scalp and dreads, as well as scalp soreness and irritation. It’s recommended that you wait a minimum of two to three months before interlocking again.
- This method works well for any hair type.
- Learn how to do it right so that you avoid putting too much tension on your scalp and possibly causing holes in your locs.
2. Palm Rolling
Palm rolling is not a dreading method per se but is a technique used for maintaining dreads during the phases before they reach maturity. The entire process involves rubbing each loc individually between your palms in a circular motion. This helps to ensure they retain their cylindrical shape.
- Palm rolling helps to keep the dreads from unraveling and maintains their round shape. If you’re experiencing a lot of loops (which is absolutely normal and expected), you can gently palm roll those spots to knot those hairs into the loc.
- It encourages new growth at the root to dread.
- You can palm roll your locs every other day if you want.
- Palm rolling should be gentle. If it’s done in a way that puts a lot of tension on your scalp, you’re doing it wrong and you could be causing damage to your hairline and possible future baldness.
- Palm rolling works well for anyone who has gotten their dreads installed, by T&R, crochet, backcombing, finger coils, etc.
- It won’t work as well on freeform locs, especially during the first year when the hair hasn’t separated itself into sections yet.
The five different stages of locs (i.e. dreadlock maturity)
No matter which method you use to start your dreads, they will all go through the same loc stages of maturity. The main difference with respect to hair types is the time it takes them to mature completely- this can range from as little as 1 year in kinky hair, curly hair, or coarse hair to 3 years in straight, silky, or wavy hair. I’ll explain these stages briefly.
STAGE 1 – The baby phase
The baby locs stage, also known as the starter locs stage, is the period of time when you first start your dreads. If you got your hair locked professionally, your hair will be parted evenly. For the first few months, the parts will be obvious. You should take advantage of this stage This stage lasts a minimum of three months with many hair types but can last up to nine months or more. The hair is much more fragile. Re-twisting should be limited to once every 6 to 8 weeks.
STAGE 2 – The budding phase
Once the baby stage is over, you’ll notice a lot of interesting and exciting changes. The hair will start to knot in parts- it will be thicker in some places, and loose in others. Some locs will puff up and others won’t. Some will look perfect while others will look weird and oddly shaped. The new growth near the roots will look messy. Perhaps you will experience a lot of frizz all over. This, unfortunately, is not something that you can control. It’s an uncomfortable (and ugly) stage for everybody, so remember that you’re not alone. This is the beginning of what is known as the budding stage. My advice is to be consistent in moisturizing and separating your locs. Let them be and don’t mess with them too much.
STAGE 3 – The teen phase
As the name suggests, the teen stage is going to be the wild stage of your locs. During this time you can expect them to be a bit rebellious and messy. They might be difficult, or even downright impossible, to contain but this process will only last a few months and then it’ll be over for good. One of the best ways to tame them is with headbands, scarves, and occasionally ponytails (not too tight). Hair will be going in different directions. They cannot be controlled.
STAGE 4 – The mature phase
Many hair types will reach the mature phase during their 12th or 18th month. During this phase, you’ll notice that your locs are tamer than ever before. They will be thicker and feel stronger than the initial stages where the hairs may have been unraveling or loosening up. Hair looks like dreadlocks. There is no risk that the locs will untangle.
STAGE 5 – The adult phase
Hair will show signs (positive or negative) consequences. Too much stress on the roots will show side-effects in the form of thinning, breakage, etc. This won’t happen right away but you’ll see it months into your loc journey. Same goes for healthy hair. Locs that have had proper care will show signs of strength, shine, etc. Your health is important and can improve your hair quality, growth, and shine. Check out which foods you should be eating for strong and healthy locs.
If your mature dreads are not as thick as you want them to be and your desired look means having thicker locs, you can congo them. This means that you can connect, or knot together, two smaller locs that are adjacent to one another.
Since it’s difficult to divide locs in half once they’ve matured, it’s a good idea to start your loc journey with small sections.
You might also be wondering…
What is the best product for locking hair?
Clean hair knots well…dirty hair doesn’t. No matter what myth you heard out there or what your hair texture is, your hair HAS TO be clean in order for it to lock up.
Think about it this way. You want to use anything that will help to keep your hair clean and moisturized, such as shampoos and natural vegetable and essential oils. Anything that coats your hair to make it silky, shiny, sticky, or soft is a big no-no. Conditioners, leave-in hair treatments, and dread wax and locking gel are on the no-no list.
With that in mind, there are three main products I recommend that anyone with dreads should use.
1. A good shampoo
Residue-free shampoos will remove any dirt that has accumulated from the environment without leaving a soapy film behind.
Most shampoos that contain sulfates and other chemicals leave behind a residue film that will eventually build up in your hair. It’s nearly impossible to remove it.
Once in a while (about once or twice a month) I will use a clarifying shampoo that does an even deeper cleaning of the hair. I don’t use clarifying shampoos too often because it can be harsh for your scalp if used in excess. It almost works too well.
My favorite residue-free shampoo is Trader Joe’s Tea Tree Shampoo. I like to add a few extra drops of essential oils to it so my scalp can absorb extra beneficial properties.
2. A daily moisturizing spray
Your loc journey is one of time, patience, and TLC. What I mean by TLC is that you have to give your hair the Tender Love and Care it needs in order to stay and grow healthy.
Spraying your hair daily with a blend of distilled water and a few drops of essential oils will boost your hair’s health dramatically. Check out these 6 incredible recipes! It’s refreshing and you will instantly see improvements in your hair’s softness and flexibility.
A lack of moisture will cause breakage and thinning locs in the long run, so make sure to nourish them before it’s beyond repair. Also drinking a lot of water will help your hair grow faster and stronger.
3. A silk or satin cap
Sleeping with a silk cap has made a huge difference in the appearance of my locs. We move around a lot in our sleep.
Keeping your hair contained in a silk cap does a couple of things. First, it helps to maintain the round shape of the dreads while preventing breakage and thinning. Second, it prevents any lint from attaching to the locs while you sleep. If a silk cap is uncomfortable or embarrassing for you, use a silk pillowcase instead.
Learn about the benefits of covering your locs at night here.
How do beginners start locs?
There are several methods for starting dreadlocks, but the most popular method for beginners are the crochet and interlocking methods.
All methods, except for freeform, require regular maintenance, such as moisturizing and retwisting the hair, to encourage the formation of dreadlocks.
How can I start my dreads by myself?
Starting dreadlocks by yourself at home can be done using several methods. The easiest methods to do on your own (depending on your hair type) are twist-and-rip, backcombing, two-strand twists, and freeform (or neglect).
If you have an idea of how large you want your locs to be once they’re mature, I recommend having a friend or family member help you section the roots of your hair with a rat tail comb to ensure your locs form as evenly as possible.
Is it painful to start dreadlocks?
Yes, it can be! Everyone has a different pain tolerance, however no matter which way you start your locs (other than the neglect method), expect at least some level of pain to come out of the tugging and pulling on your hair and sectioning of the roots.
My locs were started and maintained by a loctician using the crochet method. I can say it was one of the most painful things I experienced and I think it’s due to two main reasons. Number one, I have a relatively sensitive scalp. Number two, my loc installation lasted 8 hours, and my maintenance typically lasts 4 hours. Because of the tension my scalp experiences, the pain lingers for around 3 days. It’s miserable, to say the least. (But worth it if you want neat locs!)
How to start dreads with short hair
Starting dreadlocks with short hair can be a bit more challenging than starting them with longer hair, but it is still possible. It will require a bit more intial maintenance because since there’s less hair, they’re more likely to unravel.
The best methods to use for starting locs with very short hair are crochet and interlocking.
How to start dreads with long hair
Starting dreadlocks with long hair is a bit easier than starting them with short hair, as there is more hair to work with.
All of the methods mentioned above are great for starting locs with long hair.
How long does it take to start dreads?
The length of time it takes to start dreadlocks can vary depending on several factors, such as the method used, the texture and thickness of the hair, how much hair you have, and how fast the person who is doing them works.
If you’re planning on getting your locs started by a professional, I recommend sending them photos of your current hair to get an estimate of how long it will take.
Generally, it will take a minimum of two hours, however, it can take much much longer than that! Remember when I said that mine took 8 hours to install..!
How much does it cost to start dreads?
Dreadlocks can be as cheap as free and as expensive as a few hundred (or even thousand) dollars.
Dreads can be free if you start them by yourself at home, or choose the freeform method.
If you choose to get them done by a professional, the cost will depend on what they charge. The more experience they have, the higher the price, however you’ll probably get better results than someone with less experience.
It’s super important that you discuss a price estimate before agreeing to hire a professional to do your dreads.
Learn from my experience! I failed to do this on my last maintenance appointment because I go to the same loctician that started my locs over 5 years ago.
In 2021, she was charging $65 per hour for crochet maintenance, so I assumed that the price wouldn’t have fluctuated too much a year later. Booooy was I wrong. Exactly one year later, in 2022, she charged me $500 for 4 hours of work. When I politely asked her, “What do I owe you?” I had to ask her to repeat herself. The second time she said “Five hundred”, I nearly died… (no exaggeration).
So if you get anything out of this article: let it be this: No matter how much you trust and think you know your loctician, ALWAYS ask them to give you their hourly rate for the exact method you want used for your dreads, as well as how long it’ll take them to work through your hair. This way, you won’t be blindsided like I was.
Which method of dreading do you like the most? If you already have dreads, which method did you use to start them and how long have you had them? Leave me your feedback in the comments. 🙂
Are you planning to get locs? Check out these 39 DIY all-natural recipes for optimal dreadlock health!
I hope you found this post helpful!
This post was originally published on May 8, 2019. It has since been improved and updated.
I found this extremely helpful. Thanks a bunch.
Yay! You’re welcome 🙂 I’m so glad to hear that!
I have been researching dreadlocks extensively for the last few weeks, and I am so glad I FINALLY came across this post! This was everything I needed to know, all it one neat and tidy post! Thank you so much for sharing this, you’ve answered many of my questions and given me many solutions.
Hi Jo! Aw, thank you!! 🙂 You’re very welcome!
Hi, I’m 15 and just starting two stand twist locs. There’s a lot of speculation about if my hair stylist is going about it right because she says I can’t wash my hair for three weeks and then I should come back and get a wash and re-twist. I’m about at week 2 and my scalp is itchy with a lot of dandruff, and to be honest I’m on the edge about the whole journey anyway. Just interested in knowing your take and what YOU think I should invest in or change.
Three weeks between washes sounds like too much time, in my opinion. If your loctician is worried that your twists will become undone, you can protect them by covering your hair with a stocking cap (a stretched pantyhose will work perfectly!) and wash as you normally would, just with the cap/sock on. This prevents the twists from potentially unraveling while allowing the soap to reach your scalp. Since your hair needs to be clean to dread properly, I highly recommend washing once every 7 days.
For itchiness, I recommend using a spray with pure aloe vera. I prefer to make my own! (Here’s my recipe: https://dreadlockulture.com/aloe-vera-for-scalp/) Products that can be bought commercially may have ingredients that contribute to buildup, which can make your itchiness even worse.
Let me know if you have any other questions! 🙂
So helpful. Thanks for the information. I recently started my journey with dreadlock wax and gel. I wasn’t so comfortable using products but my loctician thought it will be cool for my hair. I initially started myself with braids and we took it off for this instant locking method
You’re welcome 🙂 Wish you the best on your dreadlock journey!
Thank you for this post, it’s very informative. I started my dreads with the crochet method. It’s kind of painful but I can handle it pretty well, also I feel it’s the best way to keep my dreadlocks tubular and aesthetic. I even have shorter hair at the back of my head and it holds pretty well. My installation was around 3 – 4 but it’s was worthy!
Expensive? It can be, if we compare with the regular way to get the hair done at beauties salon yes, however, it’s a very unique style, totally hand made and with an amazing history and ideology as background.
I’m getting ready to start my dreadlock journey and I’ll admit that this post was by far one of the best and most informative. I’m glad your suggestion is to wash them weekly because I hate dirty/smelly scalp/hair. I will definitely take that suggestion. I’ve used rose water spray on my son’s dreads and I plan to use that for me. It sounds similar to what you’ve suggested but I love the essential oil idea so I might go ahead and give that a try. Thank you so much for sharing you knowledge!
You’re welcome 😉 I’m so excited for you to start your loc journey! Wish you all the best and feel free to reach out anytime if you have questions along the way or want to share your progress! 🙂
Is it possible to use a mix of braiding and crocheting? I was thinking I would start with the braids and then use the crochet hook to knot it up more. Would that work? My hair is somewhat wavy can be frizzy and it is pretty full. And I do have some gray.
Hi Erin! Although I have not done this personally, I don’t see why it wouldn’t work 🙂 The only difference I would expect to see is in the texture of the locs- they might look smoother if crocheted (versus braided) but I can’t say for sure. My recommendation would be to find locticians on Instagram or Facebook and ask to see before and after photos of people who have started their locs by braiding, with a similar hair texture as yours. That might provide some insight into how the locs would look in the future.
Hope that helps!
I have learnt a lot. I used crochet method. My dreads have made 5 years now but thinning every day! Am a student take this course so I have made my course work well with this article . thanks. So much.
Getting mine done soon. Iam doing the box braid to start my dreads
This post was very helpful. I wish I’d found it before I started my dreads. Some of this information would have saved me some time and a do-over, but that’s okay. I’m finding the journey to be an interesting one, so this post just helps me for the future. What shampoos do you recommend? I need something that isn’t quite so expensive.
Thank you for your kind feedback, Drea!
The shampoo I use is Trader Joes Tea Tree Shampoo (click this link to see it on amazon –> https://amzn.to/3FfJOEm) and when I travel, I prefer to use their shampoo that comes in the form of a bar soap. I don’t like it as much as the liquid, but it’s convenient for traveling because I avoid spills (click this link to see the bar soap shampoo –> https://amzn.to/3uBNyLF).
In any case, both of them are amazing!! I highly recommend! If you live in the United States and there’s a Trader Joes store near you, then it’s best to buy them in the store. They’re under $5 each. I see on Amazon they’re about double that price :/